Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Overview

The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery of INDIRA GANDHI INSTITUTE OF DENTAL SCIENCES has come a long way since it was started, presently one of the premier departments of the college. The department renders comprehensive diagnostic, therapeutic and counselling services in the field of extraction, minor oral surgical procedures and major surgical procedures including cosmetic surgeries.

Department Goal

Our department’s Goal is to improve the quality of life in Pondicherry through education, research and service related to oral and maxillofacial surgery, with special emphasis on improving dental, oral and craniofacial health through comprehensive education, research and service programs.

Department Objective

The objectives of our department are To train the undergraduate to

  • Recognize & diagnose Head and Neck Pathology.
  • Manage Medical complications in Dental Surgery & also treat medically compromised patients.
  • Perform Dental extractions and minor oral surgical procedures.
  • Basics of inpatient management.

To prepare clinically superior postgraduates who possess the additional knowledge and ability to pursue a career in any aspect of oral surgery, be it clinical, teaching, or research-oriented. This program offers comprehensive clinical training, covering the full scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery.

To offer the full spectrum of state of the art treatments to all patients at an affordable cost.

Facilities

The department has a clinical area where extractions are carried out and a minor operation theatre where minor oral surgical procedures are carried out. The department is equipped with state-of-the-art fully automatic dental chairs. Major surgeries are carried out in MGMC- OT.

The students posted receive expert guidance and comprehensive clinical training in extraction and minor oral surgical procedures.

Infrastructure

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery is sufficiently equipped with equipments required for day-to-day services carried out by the department, like B.P Handle, Mouth mirror, Periosteal elevator, Dissecting scissors, Cat’s paw retractor, Langenback retractor, Artery – straight, Artery – curved, Needle holder, Suture cutting scissor, Skin hook, Austin’s retractor, Zygomatic elevator, Screw driver, Micromotor with hand piece, Bur, Tissue forceps (T),Tissue forceps (NT), Howath, Chisel, Mallet, Wire holder, Wire cutter, Wire, Ilets, Rowes, Osteotome, Bone clamp, Arch bar, Mouth gag and Screw’s plate

Museum

The department museum has 5 skulls and 5 mandibles and each model helps the students understand learn each procedure required for oral and maxillofacial surgery.

Skulls showing

  • Orthognathic surgery
  • Le Fort I, II, III
  • Miniplates osteosynthesis
  • Anatomy
  • Blood and nerve supply to the maxilla

Mandible models showing

  1. Miniplate fixation
  2. BSSO
  3. Wiring technique
  4. Extraoral fixation

PG department

The department is equipped with the latest equipment such as the Oscillating saw, Lasers and Arthroscopic equipment for TMJ procedures –

  • LASER equipment for major surgeries.
  • operation complex along with surgical ward.
  • cryosurgery kit.
  • striker blades for osteotomies.
  • arthroscopy instruments for TMJ surgeries.
  • separate seminar room for OMFS department.

Curriculum

Undergraduate

Diagnosis in oral surgery, Principles of oral surgery, Access, Control of haemorrhage, Drainage and debridement, Closure of wound, Local anaesthesia, Postoperative care, Exodontias, Impacted teeth, Pre-prosthetic surgery, Disorders of TMJ, Diseases of maxillary sinus, Benign cyst and tumours, Tumours of oral cavity, Fracture of the jaws, Salivary gland pathology, Jaw deformity, Neurological disorder, Cleft lip and palate, Medical emergencies, Oral implantology, General anaesthesia.

Methods of teaching – Didactic lectures, seminars, group discussions.

Postgraduate

Evolution of Maxillofacial surgery, Diagnosis, history taking, clinical examination, investigations, Concept of essential drugs and rational use of drugs, Communication skills with patients, Principles of surgical audit, Principles of evidence based surgery, Principles of surgery, Pre operative workup –situation like diabetes, renal failure, cardiac and respiratory illness; risk stratification, Surgical sutures, drains, Post operative care, Wound management, Surgical Infections, Airway obstruction/management, Anaesthesia – stages of Anaesthesia, pharmacology of inhalation, intravenous and regional anaesthetics, muscle relaxants, Facial pain; Facial palsy and nerve injuries, Pain control, Clinical oral surgery – all aspects of dento alveolar surgery, Pre-prosthetic surgery, Temporomandibular joint disorders, Tissue grafting, Reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery, Neurological disorders of maxillofacial region-diagnosis and management of Trigeminal Neuralgia, MPDS, Bells palsy, Frey’s Syndrome, Nerve injuries, Maxillofacial trauma – basic principles of treatment, primary care, diagnosis and management Assessment of trauma-multiple injuries patient, Orthognathic surgery, Laser surgery, Distraction osteogenesis in maxillofacial region, Cryosurgeries, Cleft lip and palate surgery, Aesthetic facial surgery, Craniofacial surgery, Head and neck oncology, Micro vascular surgery. Implantology – principles, surgical procedures for insertion of various types of implants, maxillofacial radiology/ radio diagnosis, Other diagnostic methods and imaging techniques.

Methods of teaching – Seminars, journal clubs, group discussions, ward rounds, debates, symposiums, undergraduate lecture classes.