Oral Pathology & Microbiology

Overview

Overview

The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology deals with the diseases of oral and para-oral structures and provides an in-depth understanding of diseases which is essential for diagnosis and for the development of rational treatment.

The department is well equipped with the essential and research equipment for clinical hematology, histopathology and immunohistochemistry to provide appropriate investigatory support for treatment planning.

The department provides both undergraduate and postgraduate training programs with the emphasis on integration of basic science with clinical interpretation. It has adequate resources for learning and research activities of the students. The department has state of art equipment including research microscopes, semi-automatic analyzer and microtome and teaching slides, study models, charts, hard and soft tissue specimens for student training program. The students are encouraged to take part in scientific presentations and also persuaded to do scientific publications. The department also has internally funded research projects.

Department patient services include histopathological and cytological diagnosis and haematological investigations. It also provides cancer screening and tobacco cessation counselling. With the sense of social responsibility, the department extends its services to the unprivileged villages where an increased amount of tobacco-related oral alterations is noticed.

Department Goal:

The goal of the department is to diagnosis and study the cause and effects of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions to aid in the treatment plan of the oral diseases and to screen patients for early diagnosis of cancer and precancer. To train students to be more competent and proficient in the field of pathology and also aims at futuristic advanced research activity.

Department Objectives:

  1. To assist in the development of a productive, competent and compassionate undergraduate and post-graduate students.
  2. To attain fundamental and basic knowledge in order to apply the same in the clinical practice.
  3. Providing the required experience to increase the diagnostic ability and productivity.
  4. To interpret the pathologic changes microscopically and to provide the appropriate diagnosis for treatment planning.

Facilities

Facilities

The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, is fully equipped with essential laboratory equipment namely semi-automatic microtome, centrifuge, electronic weighing balance and semi-automatic analyzer for performing a histopathological examination of tissues and hematological investigations. Immunohistochemistry lab contains essential immunohistochemical markers to aid in diagnosis. Department has 5 headed research microscope with Phase contrast, Darkfield, Polarizer and Bright Field Microscope facility along with Image analysis software for case discussions and research purpose. The department has separate UG training section and PG training section and common seminar room equipped with the projector for scientific presentations. Department library contains recommended books and reference books for undergraduates and postgraduates.

Curriculum

Curriculum

Knowledge gained by the student in the department

I BDS:  Adequate knowledge about the development, structure and the function of the teeth, mouth and jaws and the associated structures in the normal conditions, along with their anatomical aspects and the histology of each.

II BDS:  Knowledge regarding how the normal conditions vary with each disease so as to equip them with the forthcoming clinical exposure to the various oral pathological conditions.

III BDS:  The students are exposed to the various oral diseases so as to acquire knowledge of identifying the various diseases and correlation with the corresponding histopathological features and to differentiate from the similarly appearing lesion in order to derive the proper treatment plan.

Post Graduates: 

To acquire the knowledge about various oral pathological conditions, correlate with the general/systemic involvement if any along with the laboratory investigations involving haematology, cytology and histopathology in health and disease and correlate the same with the clinical features. Skills achieved by the student in the department

I BDS:  Acquire skills of carving the morphology of the tooth so as to identify the normal anatomical features of the tooth in health. They also acquire the knowledge of identifying the normal microscopic features of the tooth structures in health.

II BDS:  Students are trained to grind the normal tooth as well as a diseased tooth so as to understand the technique involved in the making of a microscopic slide and then observe and relate it to the diseased condition.

III BDS:  Students are exposed to various oral pathological conditions and their histopathological slides for microscopic viewing so as to identify and correlate with the condition. Post Graduates: To acquire the skill in the methodology involving the various laboratory investigations involving haematology, cytology and histopathology in health and disease and correlate the same with the clinical features.

MDS syllabus – Essential Knowledge

MDS syllabus – Essential Knowledge

Post Graduates:

To acquire the knowledge about various oral pathological conditions, correlate with the general / systemic involvement if any along with the laboratory investigations involving hematology, cytology and histopathology in health and disease and correlate the same with the clinical features. To acquire the skill in the methodology involving the various laboratory investigations involving hematology, cytology and histopathology in health and disease and correlate the same with the clinical features.

Procedural and Operative Skills:
I year

  1. Examination of Patient – Case history recordings – 10
  2. Biopsy and FNAC – Observe, Assist & Perform under supervision
  3. Carving of Natural and Large size Permanent teeth
  4. Ground section and Decalcification
  5. Hematological procedures
  6. Library dissertation

II year

  1. Performing tissue processing and staining including Special Stains
  2. Macroscopical and microscopical examination of specimen
  3. Immunohistochemistry and hematological procedures
  4. Short-Term research projects
  5. Main dissertation

III Year

  1. Histopathological interpretation and reporting of cases
  2. Completion of short-term research projects
  3. Completion of Main dissertation
  4. Publication

All the students shall complete the minimum quota for the teaching and learning activities
as follows:

1 Journal Clubs 5 in a year
2 Seminars 5 in a year
3 Clinical Case Presentations 5 in a year
4 Lecture taken for Undergraduates 3 in a year
5 Scientific Paper / Poster Presentations in State/ National Level Conference 1 paper/posters during three years of training workshop period
6 Scientific Publication (optional) One Publication in any Indexed Scientific Journal
7 Submission of Synopsis One Synopsis within six months from the date of commencement of the course
8 Submission of Dissertation months One main dissertation six months before appearing for the university examination
9 Submission of Library Dissertation One dissertation within eighteen months from the date of commencement of the course

DEPARTMENT HIGHLIGHTS