Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Overview

This department deals with the study, prevention, interception and correction of malocclusions. Malocclusions affect the functions, esthetics and stability of the stomatognathic system both in adults and in children.The department has 28 well maintained dental chairs with the excellent patient flow. Faculty to student’s ratio is well maintained as per Dental Council of India norms. The department is well equipped with state of the art facilities for both UG and PG teaching and training.

Department Goal

The goal of the department is to provide the society with an excellent, refined human being with human values, who will be well trained and taught to provide dental and orthodontic services to the society.

Department Objectives

The primary objectives of the department are to

  • To maintain a stress-free learning pattern in order to achieve the mastery in diagnosis and treatment of various malocclusions based on evidence and new research.
  • To provide the patients with excellent orthodontic treatment care
  • To maintain the dignity and decorum of humanity and the profession

Facilities

The department has necessary facilities and is well equipped with requisite clinical instruments used for the regular clinical services in form of fixed appliance orthodontic pliers set with stand, arch tuner with torque, cheek retractors, diagnostic aids, boon gauge, photographic mirrors, bracket positioners, illuminative  magnifying glass, removable orthodontic pliers, acrylic stones for lab, burs of all types, Plastic / metal dentulous trays, etc.

Museum :

This department has an excellent museum with sufficient teaching models, intraoral appliances and extraoral appliances, teaching charts required for the students to refer during their academic sessions.

Seminar Room :

The seminar room of 650 sq. ft. is fully air-conditioned, with 30 cushioned chairs and requisite audio-visual aids in the form of wall-mounted LCD projector with screen and whiteboard.

Plaster Lab :

The laboratory is spread over an area of 650 sq. ft. for UG & PG plaster lab along with a provision made for PG clinical laboratory separately.

PG Department Equipments :

The PG department has all the clinical equipment needed for academic and clinical services in the form of hydro solder unit, spot welder, distilled water plant, needle burner, ultraviolet cabinet, lathe, light cure unit, ultrasonic scaler, laser unit, airotor handpiece and model trimmer.

Curriculum for MDS & Syllabus

First Year MDS :

  1. Basic preclinical exercise work for MDS Students First 6 months
  • Clasps
  • Labial bows
  • Springs
  • Canine retractors
  • Appliances
  • Soldering exercises
  • Welding exercises
  • The impression of upper and lower arches in alginate
  • Study model preparation
  • Model analysis
  • Cephalometrics
  • Basics of clinical photography including digital photography
  • Light wire bending exercises for the beg technique
  • Typhodont exercises

Clinical Work :

Once the basic pre-clinical work is completed the students can take up clinical cases and the
clinical training is for the two and half years.

Each postgraduate student should start with a minimum of 50 cases of his or her own. Additionally, he/she should handle a minimum of 20 transferred cases.

The type of cases can be as follows:

  1. Removable active appliances 20 cases
  2. Class- I malocclusion with crowding
  3. Class- I malocclusion with bimaxillary protrusion
  4. Class- II division 1
  5. Class –II division 2
  6. Class- III (orthopaedic, surgical orthodontic cases)
  7. Interdisciplinary cases
  8. Removable functional appliance cases like activator, bionator, functional regulator, twin block and new developments
  9. Fixed functional appliances Herbst appliance Jasper jumper etc. -5 cases
  10. Dentofacial orthopaedic appliances like headgears, rapid maxillary expansion, Niti expander, etc- 10 cases
  11. Appliance for arch development such as molar distaliation – 5 cases
  12. Fixed mechano therapy cases (Begg, PEA, tip edge, edgewise)
  13. Retention procedures of above-treated cases

Other Work to be done in the First Year :

  1. Seminars -5
  2. Journal Club-5
  3. Protocol For Dissertation to be submitted on or before the end of 6 months from the date of admission
  4. Undergraduate classes to be taken – 5 in a year
  5. Clinical case presentation -4 in a year
  6. Case discussion
  7. Field visits- to attend dental camps and to educate the masses.
  8. Basic subject classes
  9. Internal assessment or term paper

Second Year :

  1. Seminars – 5
  2. Journal club -5
  3. Library assignment to be submitted on or before the end of 6 months
  4. Undergraduate classes to be taken
  5. Interdepartmental meetings
  6. Case discussions
  7. Field visits
  8. Dissertation

Third Year :

  1. Seminars- 5
  2. Journal club- 5
  3. Interdepartmental meeting
  4. Undergraduate classes
  5. Completed dissertation should be submitted six months before the final examinations
  6. Case discussions
  7. Field visits
  8. Preparation of finished cases in presenting cases
  9. Mock examination

Dissertation :

  1. Journal clubs-5/ year
  2. Seminars-5/year
  3. Clinical case presentations-4/ year
  4. Lectures for under graduated- 1/year
  5. Scientific paper/poster presentation at state/ national level conferences- 4 papers/posters during three years of training workshop period
  6. Clinicopathological conferences – 2 presentations during three years of a training period
  7. Scientific publications( optional)- 1 publication in any indexed scientific journal
  8. Submission of synopsis- 1 synopsis within six months from the date of commencement of the course

SYLLABUS OF MDS COURSE
(According to DCI Regulations 2017)

Syllabus distribution based on exam pattern

PART I

Paper I: Applied basic sciences:
Applied Anatomy, Physiology, Dental Materials, Genetics, Pathology, Physical Anthropology, Applied Research Methodology, Biostatistics and Applied Pharmacology.

PART II

Paper I: Orthodontic history, concepts of occlusion and esthetics, child and adult psychology, etiology and classification of malocclusion, Dent facial anomalies, Diagnostic procedures and treatment planning in orthodontics, practice management in orthodontics.

Paper II: Clinical orthodontics.

Paper III : Descriptive and analysing type question.