Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry

Overview

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive dentistry in Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences was established in the year 2006. Undergraduate programme in Pedodontics is designed to enable the qualifying dental surgeon to deal with the overall dental health of children that not only comprises treatment aspects but also education, motivation and prevention of dental disease. Pediatric dentistry in India is still developing field. It has its roots in the middle of the 20th century and has grown to the present state from there on. Pediatric dentistry differs in many ways from the other branches of dentistry which treat adult patients. As pediatric dentists we have to develop relationship with parent/caretaker and the child, give comfort by allaying fears about dentistry and relieve pain and agony of dental problems of the child, physically and emotionally. We also educate the parents/caretaker about the dental care and hygiene they need maintain and educate their child with during their growing years.

Department Goal

To train the students to diagnose and treat all the Paediatric oral diseases, manage Special Children.

Department Objective
  • Giving comfort, relieving pain, removing infection and restoring functions.
  • Allaying fear and anxiety and shaping the child behavior.
  • Promoting optimal oral health by prevention and education.
  • To develop positive attitude towards oral health for prevention
  • Implement the principles of preventive dentistry from birth
  • Parental guidance and counseling regarding different facets of preventive dentistry and treatment modalities
  • Occlusal guidance and early treatment of developing malocclusion
  • Managing children with special needs

Facilities

The department is equipped with requisite equipments to cater to day-to-day functioning on clinical and academic side. It has dental chairs and units (with shadowless lamp, spittoon, 3 way syringe,  instrument  tray and  suction, micromotor, airotor,  lightcure), Pedo extraction  forceps sets, autoclave (front loading), Intra  oral X-ray / RVG, automatic developer, pulp tester, apex  locator, glass  bead sterilizer, orthodontic welder, ultrasonic scalers, needle destroyer, ultrasonic cleaner, X-ray  viewer, amalgamator, plaster dispenser, dental lathe, vibrator, frassico typodonts, computer with attached printer & scanner along with internet connection, soldering unit, band pinching pliers, countering pliers, crown crimping pliers and double beak pliers (anterior and posterior). The department catering to the paediatric dentistry also has aquarium, pedo waiting chair, toys, rubber dam kit, stainless steel crown kit, fluoride foam kit, dental lathe, pedo forceps, ortho pliers and stand, spot welder, hand instruments, hanging motor and lab micro motor.

MUSEUM
The department has its own museum with models and posters on display for the students to refer to understand the various aspects of dentistry. Following are the list of the models and posters on display within the museum.

Models

  • Ellis classification of anterior teeth
  • Morphology of primary dentition
  • Progression of dental caries
  • Cavity preparation

Posters

  • Oral hygiene instructions
  • Post extraction instructions
  • First aid for avulsed tooth
  • Immunization schedule
  • Importance of space maintenance
  • Scope of pediatric dentistry
  • Early childhood caries
  • Oral habits
  • Pulpotomy
  • Terminal plane relations and angle’s molar relations
  • Dental caries

POST GRADUATE INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Clinical, Laboratory,
  • Seminar Room,
  • Departmental Library,
  • P.G Common Room
  • Furnished Faculty Rooms

Curriculum

The following subjects are to be covered

  • Basic Sciences
  • Aspect of management, administration and ethics
  • Diagnosis and treatment planning
  • Behavioral science and patient management sedation/general anesthesia
  • Prevention
  • Restorative dentistry
  • Orthodontics
  • Dental Traumatology
  • Oral surgery/Oral medicine/Oral pathology/Maxillo-facial surgery.
  • Children with special needs/Medically compromised.

Students should have an understanding at the following levels

COMPETENCY
At this level students should have a sound theoretical knowledge and understanding of the subject together with an adequate clinical experience to be able to resolve clinical problems encountered, independently, or without assistance.

KNOWLEDGE
The students should have a sound theoretical knowledge of the subject, and need to have a clinical experience.

FAMILIAR WITH
Students should have a basic understanding of the subject, and are expected to carry out clinical procedures independently.

Faculty