Periodontology

Overview

Periodontology is the specialty that focuses on prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the diseases of gingiva and other surrounding tissues. The Department of Periodontology at IGIDS offers Undergraduate and Postgraduate programs along with guideship for Ph.D. programs leading to the degree of Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS), Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) awarded by the Sri Balaji Vidhyapeeth Deemed-to-be-University. With the approval of the Dental Council of India the undergraduate program was commenced in the year 2006 and the postgraduate program in 2012.

The department has experienced faculty, all with a postgraduate degree to serve as guides for postgraduate and Ph.D. programs. The undergraduate students are trained in the diagnosis of periodontal diseases and to perform basic gingival and periodontal procedures. They are trained with skills to render non-surgical and preventive periodontal procedure and are introduced to surgical periodontal procedures by observing and assisting. The postgraduate program undertakes a comprehensive training of students incorporating high ethical standards in patient care by making use of the best available technology and by pursuing significant research programs. The postgraduate students learn and master a variety of surgical clinical procedures and are exposed to various implant systems, use of LASERs, Piezosurgical procedures as a part of their curriculum.

Department Goal : 

  • To provide basic and advanced treatment in Periodontology through integrated scientific learning and to be a forerunner in advanced research and clinical practices

Department Objectives :

  • To train the undergraduate & postgraduate students in the art and science of non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy through the evidence-based approach
  • To understand the etiopathogenesis and risk factors for periodontal diseases
  • To correlate the other disciplines of dentistry with periodontal health
  • To be a center of excellence for periodontal regeneration & Implantology
  • To gain global outreach through national and international publications
  • To foster an attitude of lifelong learning

Facilities

The undergraduate clinic is located on the second floor of the new block. The clinic is spread across 4000 square feet and is equipped with 34 dental chairs. 10 dental chairs are equipped with ultrasonic scaler units. All the cases will be discussed and monitored by the faculty team. The department has a mentor-mentee system in place (1: 1) for the clinical training of undergraduates. The UG clinic also has a museum displaying various models. Learning and patient education resources in the form of posters, models, and pamphlets are available.

The postgraduate clinic is located on the third floor of the new block and is spread across 4000 square feet. This includes PG clinic, PG common workroom with locker facilities, Department library & reading room, Central sterilization area and a seminar room. The PG clinic is equipped with 12 states of the art dental chairs. PGs are allotted individual dental chairs with ultrasonic units. Weekly seminars, journal club presentations are conducted in the seminar room. State of the art equipment including piezosurgical unit, physio dispenser, implant kits, laser unit, electrocautery unit, surgical loupes and iontophoresis unit is available to perform the advanced surgical procedure.

Curriculum

Approved by Dental Council of India, the undergraduate and postgraduate program is designed to train students in the field of Periodontology and Oral Implantology. The goal of the curriculum is to allow students and residents to attain skills representative of a clinician competent in theoretical and practical aspects of Periodontics. The curriculum includes basics of Periodontology, periodontal pathogenesis, gingival and periodontal diseases, periodontal medicine, clinical diagnosis and decision making, evidence-based practice, legal and ethical reasoning, patient care, and practice management. The department trains students to the level of competency in the skills required for specialist practice either in primary or secondary care settings.

The curriculum is very dynamic undergoing constant changes every year. The curricular changes are approved by the Academic council comprising of Board of studies and Board of management. The syllabus is divided into must know, nice to know and desirable to know areas which make it student friendly. Teaching-learning activities in theory classes include 50% didactic lectures, 30% flipped mode and 10% pedagogy. Chairside teaching includes demonstrations, hands-on training for basic periodontal procedures for undergraduates and advanced clinical procedures for postgraduates. Other features of the course are clinical seminars, Literature seminars, special lecture series etc. Examination evaluates both theoretical and clinical skills. Assessment includes both formative and summative process; formative assessments are done periodically which includes both theory and clinical examination. The formative clinical examination is conducted as OSCE and OSPE. The evaluation process is improved by post validation. The outcome is incorporated into the evaluation process for its betterment.

Other Activities : 

Department organizes outreach programs to screen, motivate and treat population who do not have easy access to the dental treatment facilities. Clinical society meetings are organized by the department yearly once to provide a platform for the students to exhibit their case presentation skills. The department conducts CDE program in the form of national or state conference to keep them updated in the periodontal practice. Students are encouraged to participate and present scientific papers at various national conferences. Department is keen on promoting faculty,

undergraduate and postgraduate research. Currently, the department has 19 completed and 10 ongoing scientific research projects. The department also boasts of 50 publications in national and international journals.