ANTICARIES EFFICACY OF TULSI (OCIMUM SANCTUM) AND BLACK MYROBALANS (TERMINALIA CHEBULA) EXTRACTS AND SODIUM FLUORIDE AS MOUTHRINSE IN CHILDREN– A COMPARATIVE CLINICAL STUDY
A recent research study about change in the pH of saliva and to assess the efficacy of the herbal rinses- Tulsi and Black myrobalans on Streptococcus mutans count and furthermore comparing it with Sodium fluoride mouth rinse was carried out successfully by Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, IGIDS. The study included administering herbal mouth rinses like Tulsi mouth rinse with Tulsi ethanolic extract (4%) and Black myrobalans mouth rinse with 2.5% ethanolic extract of Black myrobalans and 0.05% Sodium fluoride mouth rinse over high caries risk patients.
Salivary samples were collected at baseline, I hour after post-rinsing and after 7th day of post-rinsing for determining the salivary pH and S mutans count. The increase in pH and reduction of Streptococcus mutans were determined.
Our research data shows a significant increase in the salivary pH and reduction in S. mutans count. Increase in salivary pH was more in the Sodium fluoride mouth rinse when compared to the experimental groups. S. mutans count reduced more in the Tulsi mouth rinse at 1 hour post-rinsing and while after 7th day post-rinsing, more reduction was seen in Black myrobalans mouth rinse group.
Our research findings concludes that there exists antibacterial activity herbal mouth rinses and thus can be an effective alternative antimicrobial agent against dental caries causing microorganisms.